What is Plantar Fasciitis?
Plantar Fasciitis is an inflammation caused by excessive
stretching of the plantar fascia.
The plantar fascia is a broad band of fibrous tissue that
runs along the bottom surface of the foot. It attaches at the bottom of the
heel bone and extends to the forefoot.
Plantar fasciitis occurs when the plantar fascia is strained
over time beyond its normal extension, causing the soft tissue fibers of the
fascia to tear or stretch at points along its length. This leads to
inflammation, pain, and possibly the growth of a bone spur where the fascia
attaches to the heel bone.
Inflammation may be aggravated by shoes that lack
appropriate support, especially in the arch area, and by the chronic irritation
that sometimes accompanies an athletic lifestyle.
With this condition, the bottom of the foot usually hurts near the inside of the foot where the heel and the arch meet. The pain is often acute first thing in the morning or after a long rest, because the plantar fascia contracts to its original shape while resting. Walking or normal daily activities may cause the pain to lessen or even disappear, but pain often returns after resting or extensive activity.
Excessive stretching of the plantar fascia leads to
inflammation and discomfort and may be caused by:
Prevention and Treatment
Proper treatment of this condition involves determining what
is causing the excessive stretching of the plantar fascia.
When the cause is over-pronation/flat feet, an orthotic with
rearfoot posting and longitudinal arch support is effective in allowing the
condition to heal.
If you have unusually high arches, cushioning the heel,
absorbing shock and wearing proper footwear that will accommodate and comfort
Other common treatments include stretching exercises, night
foot splints, wearing shoes with a cushioned heel to absorb shock or elevating
the heel with an heel cradle or heel cup. These in-shoe devices provide extra
comfort, cushion the heel and reduce the amount of shock and force placed on
the foot during every day activities.
Every time a foot strikes the ground, the plantar fascia is stretched. Pain and strain can be reduced by some simple steps:
Call 800.447.0151 or email us to know more about which PAL products are best for plantar fasciitis!